ADA toilet compartments for disabled users are required in commercial restrooms, but you may not know that there are two types of ADA toilet compartments. The most common type is the Wheelchair Accessible ADA Toilet Compartment. Wheelchair Accessible ADA Toilet Compartments measure 60”W X 60”D and have a 32” or 36” outswing door. The 36”outswing door is most common and preferable to provide ample room for disabled wheelchair users to enter the ADA toilet compartment. Wheelchair Accessible ADA Toilet Compartments can also come in larger dimensions that are called ADA Alcove Toilet Compartments. These toilet compartments measure 96”W or more and 60” deep. Because these larger ADA Alcove Toilet Compartments have more than the required 60” diameter turning radius for wheelchair operation, the toilet compartment door can swing into the toilet compartment and remain ADA compliant. Wheelchair Accessible ADA Toilet Compartments require a 36” grab bar mounted horizontally on the rear wall above the water closet (that’s the formal word for toilet) and a 42” grab bar mounted horizontally on the wall or panel closest to the water closet. In some cases an 18” grab bar mounted vertically above the 42” grab bar is required, but check with your local inspector to verify this. Installing it anyway will not negatively impact your ADA compliance and will provide an additional gripping surface for disabled users. In large restrooms, it is recommended that two Wheelchair Accessible ADA Toilet Compartments are installed to accommodate left handed and right handed users.
The second type of ADA toilet compartment is the Ambulatory ADA Toilet Compartment. This toilet compartment type is a foreign concept to some purchasers. The Ambulatory ADA Toilet Compartment is meant to accommodate those who utilize a cane or crutches in order to support themselves while they walk. Ambulatory ADA Toilet Compartments measure 35” – 37”W and 60”D with an outswing 32” door. Ambulatory ADA Toilet Compartments require two 42” grab bars mounted horizontally on each side of the water closet. The Ambulatory ADA Toilet Compartment is required in restrooms with 6 or more water closets or with a combination of 6 or more water closets and urinals. For example, in a Men’s Restroom with two water closets and four urinals (an odd set up, but we’ll go with it for the sake of this example) you will need one Wheelchair Accessible ADA Toilet Compartment and one Ambulatory ADA Toilet Compartment. When dealing with ADA compliance, always ask for clarification or assistance when needed. Failing to adhere to ADA guidelines can be very costly not to mention inconveniencing disabled patrons.